What You Should Know About the Federal Reserve's New Instant Payments System
Mobile payment apps and person-to-person (P2P) payments are more popular than ever, allowing businesses and consumers to send and receive money instantly. According to a recent study, the share of P2P payments made with mobile apps nearly doubled in one year, increasing from 15% in 2020 to 29% in 2021. (1) In response to the growing demand for these types of instant payment services, the Federal Reserve will launch its real-time, instant payment system called the FedNow Service (FedNow).
What is the FedNow Service?
Payments between depository institutions (e.g., check and ACH transfers) typically require "clearing" and "settlement" and can sometimes take a couple of days to process. The FedNow Service will change that by providing interbank clearing and settlement that enables funds to be transferred from a sender's account to a receiver's account in near real-time, around the clock, 365 days a year. By participating in the FedNow Service, financial institutions can process funds instantly. (2)
How can the FedNow Service benefit consumers?
The Federal Reserve hopes that this new, more efficient instant payment system will facilitate and encourage economic activity by making it faster and easier for individuals and businesses to pay for goods and services. With immediate access to funds, companies and consumers will have greater financial flexibility, especially when making or receiving time-sensitive payments. In addition, the FedNow Service can reduce the risk to consumers of incurring overdraft and late fees and allow businesses to gain better control of their corporate budgeting and cash flow management. (3)
Who can use the FedNow Service?
The FedNow Service will be available to all U.S. depository institutions, such as banks and credit unions. Businesses and consumers can access the FedNow Service through their depository institution and send instant payments through their bank and credit union accounts. The FedNow Service will offer depository institutions the flexibility to choose from a combination of participation types within the FedNow Service to meet their specific business needs. Although some depository institutions are already preparing to adopt the system, others will need to explore an implementation and participation strategy, and some may decide not to participate. (4)
When is the FedNow Service scheduled to take effect?
July 2023 is the scheduled initial launch of the FedNow Service. In phases, planned releases of additional features and service enhancements will be released over time. 5 For more information, visit explore.fednow.org.
1) The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, 2022
2-5) The Federal Reserve, 2023